Target Population

The target population included all students enrolled on a fulltime basis in the grade that contained the most 14-year-old students at the time of testing (eighth grade in the majority of countries). Some of the participating countries conducted an additional optional survey of upper-secondary school students (ages 17–19).

Participating Education Systems

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, Israel*, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and United States.

*Israel tested only the older age group, not 14 year olds


The international coordinating center was , working in close cooperation with the IEA, and the national centers of participating countries.

Major publications
Amadeo, Jo-Ann Torney-Purta, Judith Lehmann, Rainer Husfeldt, Vera Nikolova, Roumiana Civic Knowledge and Engagement
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Schulz, Wolfram
Sibberns, Heiko
IEA Civic Education Study Technical Report
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Steiner-Khamsi, Gita Torney-Purta, Judith Schwille, John New Paradigms and Recurring Paradoxes in Education for Citizenship
Torney-Purta, Judith Lehmann, Rainer Oswald, Hans Schulz, Wolfram Citizenship and Education in Twenty-Eight Countries
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Torney-Purta, Judith Schwille, John Amadeo, Jo-Ann Civic Education Across Countries