The Spring Festival is the busiest day of the year, but it is also the time period with the most emergencies. In order to live a healthy year, we need to pay attention to the following aspects:
One: regular life, emotional stability
1. Get enough sleep to avoid staying up late and upside down day and night.
2. Control the time of sit-down entertainment activities (such as watching TV, playing mahjong, etc.), and take appropriate physical activities. If the weather is good, do some outdoor activities and sunbathe.
3. Keep indoor air clean and smoke-free, do not smoke indoors, and often open windows for ventilation.
4, when going out or traveling, change clothes in time, keep warm.
2: Reasonable meal thickness
1. Variety of food: variety, thickness, light and easy to digest, fresh vegetables and fruits should be sufficient, and the meal should not be too greasy.
2. Intake: Do not overeat and avoid overeating.
3. Appropriately replenish water. The rehydration is mainly boiled water or light tea.
3: Moderate drinking or avoiding alcohol
1. Healthy adults should drink alcohol in moderation, and it is best not to exceed the recommended amount. (Alcohol intake should not exceed 25 grams for men and 15 grams for women. That is, for liquor, men should not consume more than 22 alcoholic drinks per day. Women drink white wine no more than 1 or 2 a day).
2. It is best not to drink alcohol in patients with liver disease, hypertension, diabetes, and patients with chronic gastric ulcer, so as not to aggravate the disease; excessive alcohol consumption can easily cause myocardial infarction, stroke, gastrointestinal bleeding, alcoholism and coma, etc. In severe cases, it may even lead to death ( sudden death).
Four: Patients with chronic diseases adhere to standardized treatment. Patients with chronic diseases of hypertension and diabetes should not forget to take the medicine on time and according to the amount. Pay attention to monitoring the changes in blood pressure and blood glucose. Seek medical attention if you feel unwell. Always bring enough medicines when traveling.
Fifth: Prevent traffic injuries For the possible traffic injuries, here are reminded to follow the traffic rules; motor vehicle drivers must keep in mind: do not drink while driving, do not drive while drinking; wear seat belts when riding a motor vehicle
Six: The elderly should pay attention to falls and bumps The elderly should prevent slipping and falling injuries at home. The places that need attention should be icy roads, corners, bathrooms, etc., especially the elderly living alone.
Seven: Prevent fire, gas poisoning and other accidental injuries To prevent fire and gas poisoning, households using gas should often open windows for ventilation, and relevant units should screen for potential safety hazards and be equipped with fire prevention facilities. Residents heating with coal should be more vigilant and beware of carbon monoxide poisoning.
Eight: Buying Safe Foods Try to choose to buy foods at regular stores, supermarkets, and regulated farmer's markets. Don't try to be cheap. Check the packaging, nutrition label and certification mark of the food when buying, check for registration and barcode, and check the expiration date of the production date.
Nine: prevention of food poisoning
1. Keep food clean during food preparation.
2. Separate raw and cooked raw meat, poultry, and seafood from other foods to avoid cross-contamination; special equipment and utensils, such as knives and cutting boards, are required to handle raw food.
3. Completely cooked food should be thoroughly cooked, especially meat, poultry, eggs, and seafood; stews, soups and other foods should be boiled to ensure that the center temperature reaches 70 ° C. Meat and poultry must be cleared without bloodshot. Reheat cooked food thoroughly.
4. Keep food at a safe temperature. Cooked food should not be stored at room temperature for more than 2 hours; all cooked food and perishable food should be refrigerated in time (preferably below 5 ° C); hot meals should be kept above 60 ° C before consumption; even in the refrigerator Do not store food for too long; do not thaw frozen food at room temperature.