Everyone is scared when it comes to leprosy, but how much do you know about leprosy?
1. What is leprosy?
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, which mainly invades the skin, peripheral nerves, and upper respiratory tract of multi-type leprosy (MB). Leprosy is transmitted mainly through the upper respiratory tract or close contact. If it is not treated and treated in time after the onset of the disease, it can cause severe disability.
2. How is leprosy transmitted?
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by leprosy, which mainly invades the skin, peripheral nerves, upper respiratory tract mucous membranes and eyes, and is transmitted through close skin contact or respiratory droplets. The source of leprosy is mainly untreated polybacterial leprosy patients. More than 95% of people have normal resistance to leprosy, and even if infected with leprosy, the incidence is very low.
3. What are the main manifestations of leprosy?
The clinical manifestations of leprosy are various. In the early stage, light or red patches on the skin are not painful and itchy. If it cannot be detected and treated early, the skin is often accompanied by hypoesthesia or loss, and the disease gradually develops. Defects such as rabbit eyes, crooked mouth, claw-shaped hands, drop feet, and plantar ulcers can appear later.
4. What are the dangers of leprosy?
The hazards of leprosy include: First, the disease or teratogenicity of leprosy causes some or all of the labor force of patients to be lost, which is harmful to the health of the people. Second, due to the society's lack of understanding of leprosy, discrimination and prejudice are caused to leprosy patients, which has a negative impact on individuals, families and society. Thirdly, leprosy is prevalent and causes disability, which increases the social burden and the consumption of health resources.
5. How to prevent leprosy?
Wearing a face mask in close contact with patients with active leprosy, washing hands after contact, paying attention to personal hygiene, strengthening nutrition, and improving body resistance can reduce the risk of leprosy.
6. Where should I go if I have leprosy?
If you suspect that you have leprosy, you should take the initiative to go to the skin disease prevention and treatment institutions (stations, stations) and other leprosy prevention and treatment institutions to check and treat, or contact the local disease prevention and control center for consultation.
7. What policies does the country have for the prevention and treatment of leprosy?
In 2004, the central finance included leprosy control in public health, and governments at all levels also provided stable funding. At present, China's diagnosis and treatment of leprosy is free of charge. In order to encourage the discovery of leprosy patients, governments at all levels implement rewards for reporting illnesses, and the central government provides appropriate subsidies. In addition, civil affairs and other departments also provide necessary medical and living assistance for patients with leprosy.
8. What is the goal of eliminating leprosy in China?
In 2011, 11 departments in China jointly issued the National Plan to Eliminate Leprosy Harm (2011-2020), which called for the goal of eliminating leprosy by 2020, and proposed a 50% reduction in the number of leprosy patients nationwide compared to 2010. The prevalence of leprosy in more than 98% of counties (cities) is controlled below 1/100 thousand, and the level 2 disability among newly discovered leprosy patients is controlled within 20%.
9. How is leprosy treated?
At present, the treatment of leprosy mainly uses rifampicin (RFP), ammonium (DDS), clofazimine (B663) and other drugs recommended by the World Health Organization for combined chemotherapy. Outpatient treatment can be completed for half a year or one year, with good results. Early and timely treatment can avoid the occurrence of various leprosy disabilities.
10. What measures should be taken to eliminate the harm of leprosy?
In order to eliminate the above hazards and reduce the burden related to leprosy, it is necessary to mobilize the active participation of various government departments and all sectors of society to strengthen early detection of cases, early treatment, and prevent disability; increase publicity and education, improve the knowledge of mass leprosy prevention, and prompt Seek medical treatment, eliminate discrimination and prejudice against leprosy in society, advocate care and support for leprosy patients, and promote good social customs of respect and care for leprosy patients.