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How to distinguish and prevent influenza and common cold
[发布日期:2019.01.28] [Source: Tongchuan Maternal and Child Health Hospital] [Release Date: 2019.01.28]

Recently, the temperature has dropped significantly, the air is relatively dry, and colds and upper respiratory tract infections have become more common. And when you wake up and find yourself sneezing, coughing, itching your throat, or even fever, sore muscles, how do you know if you have a common cold or influenza?

It is important to understand the difference between a common cold (cold cold) and influenza (flu). The common cold is a milder respiratory disease than the flu. Cold symptoms make people feel uncomfortable within a few days, but flu symptoms can last longer, sometimes up to several weeks, and the flu can cause more serious health problems. Such as pneumonia.


The difference between flu and the common cold

"Influenza" is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by the influenza virus. Although the onset is acute, most of them are self-limiting, but some complications such as pneumonia can develop into severe influenza. A few severe cases progress rapidly and can be caused by acute respiratory distress Syndrome (ARDS) or multiple organ failure.

Common colds are mainly upper respiratory tract infections caused by respiratory syncytial virus, rhinovirus, adenovirus, coronavirus, and parainfluenza virus. Most are distributed but no pandemic will occur. There is no special cure for common colds. Pay attention to rest, drink water, and maintain indoor air circulation. You must also actively exercise, strengthen your physique, and improve your body's ability to prevent diseases.


Clinical manifestations are different:

The common cold has an incubation period of about one day. The onset is not urgent. The main symptoms are "catal" symptoms, dry itching or burning sensation in the throat, sneezing, stuffy nose, and runny nose. It started as a clear water-like snot. After 2 to 3 days, the snot thickened with sore throat; generally no fever and systemic symptoms, or only low fever and headache. If there is no subsequent bacterial infection, the course of disease is usually 5-7 days, and it can be cured.

The incubation period of influenza is about 1-3 days. Most of the onsets are rapid, with severe systemic symptoms and mild respiratory symptoms. Began to be afraid of cold and fever, body temperature can be as high as 39 ℃-40 ℃, headache, dry throat, sore throat, weakness, weakness. Influenza is a respiratory infectious disease that seriously harms your health. Common complications of influenza include pneumonia, viral myocarditis, and nervous system infections. If not treated in time, the flu is also fatal, which is not an exaggeration.

The following critical symptoms require immediate medical attention

Severe chest pain

Shortness of breath, dyspnea

3. Dizziness and confusion

4. Continuous vomiting

5. Extremely irritable


How to prevent a cold or flu?

1. Wash your hands frequently;

2. Try to avoid crowd gathering places during the influenza season;

3. After the symptoms of flu, if you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with paper towels, towels, etc., then wash your hands and avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.

4. If family members have flu patients, they should try to avoid contact with each other, especially when there is a high-risk group such as the elderly or patients with chronic diseases in the family, they should pay more attention to protection.

5. When parents with children with flu symptoms go to the hospital for treatment, they should protect themselves, such as wearing a mask, to avoid transmitting the virus to others, and to avoid cross-infection.

6. When influenza-like cases occur in collective units such as schools and childcare institutions, patients should rest at home, go to work and classes without illness, and reduce the spread of the virus.

7. Influenza is a vaccine preventable disease. Influenza vaccination is an effective means for individuals to prevent influenza. It can significantly reduce the risk of influenza and serious complications for vaccinators.



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