1. Take folic acid supplements. Expectant mothers during the first trimester and during pregnancy should take folic acid supplements. Because the deficiency of folate may cause the baby's nerve center defect, but do not overdo it, just take 400 mg per day.
2. Consult a doctor before conception. Especially women with chronic conditions must undergo a pre-pregnancy check.
3. Genetic counseling. If a couple has a family history of genetic disease, genetic counseling must be performed to analyze the chance of the genetic disease affecting the fetus.
4. Quit alcohol. Alcohol may cause fetal intelligence problems and may cause disability. Expectant mothers must not drink alcohol. Quit smoking. Avoid second-hand smoke. If a pregnant woman quits smoking, the chance of a newborn having a birth defect will be reduced by 5% and the preterm birth rate will be reduced by 8%. If there is a large amount of toxins in the air, it will reduce the oxygen intake of the fetus, so pregnant women should also avoid secondhand smoke.
5. Avoid air pollution. If pregnant women work in the cleaning industry, art room or chemical factory, be sure to wear gloves, face shields, and adequate ventilation to avoid room renovations during pregnancy.
6. Healthy eating. Experts suggest that pregnant women should eat a variety of healthy foods, especially whole wheat, beans and protein foods, while eating more fish and supplementing DHA.
7. Relax. Studies have shown that if women are stressed too much, they may cause miscarriages, premature births, and even infertility. With the permission of the doctor, pregnant women can relax through yoga or other sports.
8. Virus detection. Human papilloma virus can increase the risk of premature delivery in pregnant women, and may also cause developmental problems in children's brain and lungs. Therefore, you must do a virus test before pregnancy.
9. Avoid taking medication. Many over-the-counter medicines are not safe for pregnant women, so pregnant women must consult a doctor before taking any medicine.